Hair is made up of protein called keratin. The average adult head has about 100,000 to 150,000 hair. We lose 100 hair a day. As follicles produce new hair cells, old hair cells are being forced out through the skin. The hair we see is a form of dead keratin cells. At any one time, about 90% of the hair on a scalp is growing. Each follicle has its own life cycle. This can be influenced by age, disease and other factors.
There is three phases in this life cycle:
Anagen – or growth hair lasts approximately 2 to 6 years.
Catagen – or transient hair that last approximately 2 to 3 weeks
Telogen – or resting phase that lasts about 2 to 3 months. New protein cells are formed and a new hair replaces and the growth cycle starts again.
As people age, their rate of hair growth slows down.
This is the most common type of hairloss usually seen in men. Research has shown that at least 50% of males are affected by this type of hairloss. Female hairloss is also common and affect about 30% of the female population. Androgenic Alopecia is genetically predisposed hairloss. The follicles begin to produce hair of a shorter growth cycle and continue growing weaker and thinner with each succeeding cycle. This usually affects the top and crown.
Most commonly seen in women. The hairloss is distributed shedding of hairs across the scalp. It can occur at any age; its onset can be quite sudden and is often noticed by an increase of shedding hairs during washing or grooming. Usually seen with widespread decrease of hair density, instead of a bald patch.
Approximately 2%of the population develop this condition. There are one or more patches of reversible baldness. Sometimes in more severe cases this can lead to Totalis (total scalp hair loss) or even Alopecia Universalis complete loss of all scalp and body hair). Treatment may improve the rate of growth of hair growth.
This could occur when the body receives physical damage or trauma oan area of the hair and scalp, resulting in a patch of hair loss the site of injury. The causes by chemical of injury to the scalp are common. Destruction of the hair follicle will result in permanent hair loss.
Continuous traction to an area of the scalp can cause this type of hair loss. Most commonly women suffer from this type of hair loss. When they are subjecting some area of the hair to frequent stress such as braids, headbands , or tight rollers all cause hair loss at the site of tension. Afro hair type is prone to this type of hair loss.
Certain conditions on the scalp such as Seborrhoeic Dermatitis can lead to some hair loss or thinning. Generally this is due to itching, Causing the one to scratch the scalp. This build up can cause soreness and inflammation. Topical treatments are ideal to treat this condition.
His refers to various skin disorders that destroy the follicle leaving behind scar tissue. This can lead to permanent hair loss.
Low level laser hair loss therapy is now recognized worldwide as an effective treatment for most forms of hair loss, including male and female baldness. It is suitable for anybody who is in early stages of thinning. It is often combined with a complete hair loss program for full potential. During the treatment the diodes omit a specific wavelength and frequency of light, delivering low level light therapy to the hair follicles. You do not feel anything and a session takes approximately 20 minutes. Repeated treatments are required for an extended period of time for full benefit.
PRP is a therapy that uses a patient own blood to stimulate a healing response within a damaged tissue. Apart from red blood and white blood cells, our blood contains cells called platelets. The function of the platelets is to promote healing and aid in clotting of blood when a wound occurs. These platelets contain growth factors that promote regeneration of the cells in the body. PRP has been used in medicine for over twenty years. PRP increase blood circulation and provides nutrition to the hair follicle. When we provide platelets via PRP in the area of damaged follicles, it increases the body’s natural wound healing mechanism thus stimulating hair growth.
Hair restoration has developed enormously. Transplants performed by skilled doctors produce natural looking results and is a more long term solution to hair loss. It is a minor surgical procedure. Healthy hair from the back of the scalp is used as to donate for the procedure. The hair is removed from this donor area and the follicles are separated into individual and multiple grafts. These grafts can be as tiny as one or two hairs. The scalp is then anaesthetised and the grafts are placed in the skin. The process of graft insertion can take a few hours. Once transplanted, these hairs continue to grow normally. On occasion some people may require more than one procedure. This will be explained during your consultation with the physician.
This is minimally invasive therapy. Medical grade carbon dioxide gas (CO2) is infused just under the surface of the skin. The body responds by increasing oxygenated, nutrient-rich blood to the treatment area. This stimulates a healing process for the follicles. This helps in the stabilization of excessive shedding and promotes new hair growth. Several treatments are required based on level of hair loss.